Aging and Respiratory Diseases
One of the most common issues that elderly individuals have revolve around respiratory diseases. There are a lot of issues that cause harm to the lungs, and many options can leave individuals with chronic breathing issues and more. It’s important to note that age related disease can hit anyone, and there are a lot factors that play into the issue. It’s imperative to look at these, as an ounce of prevention can go a long way to better health.
A Look At Bronchial Asthma
One of the more common respiratory diseases is that of bronchial asthma. This manifests as an issue that causes the airways to the lungs to get blocked. The inflammation can be severe enough to cause airflow to cease, and that could lead to death. It creates a unique sound in the lungs that can be heard with a good stethoscope. There are several different elements that need to be considered when diagnosing this issue, which is why it can be difficult to manage overall. Treatment of bronchial asthma can range from oral medications, to vaccines, to inhalants that help with clearing blockages. Steroidal inhalants are common, but people find themselves not enjoying the process of taking the medication as it can cause coughing fits, as well as throat hoarseness, and more.
A Look At COPD
People that have a history of cigarette use will run into this issue as they age. This respiratory issue causes the airways to become obstructed, forcing airflow to cease coming through. There are a variety of symptoms attached to this, and can cause a great deal of issue overall. A spirometer test can help determine if you have COPS. Elderly patients are instructed to cease smoking, and begin therapy to alleviate the issues once set in. Trouble breathing, cough, and shortness of breath are all signs of this issue, and the symptoms can get more border over time. The body shows signs of this issue within the swelling of feet, tongue, and discoloration of the nails. Oxygen therapy, and ventilator options are also available to help treat this issue, but in short, ceasing smoking is the best thing to look at when considering this amongst other respiratory diseases.
A Look At Community-Acquired Pneumonia
Often referred to as CAP, this is an issue that hits the lungs and causes shortness of breath, tied to fever and cough. Some may think it’s a common cold, or the beginning of a flu option, but it falls under a different category when it comes attached to confusion, and weakness and even lethargy. The treatment for CAP is often simple, without treatment options being given precedence. Older patients may be admitted to the hospital for a longer stay, in order to clear pathways. ICU is sometimes needed to help with this malady.
A Look At Pulmonary Embolism
This is an issue amidst respiratory diseases that blocks vascular elements. It causes shortness of breath, and if left untreated proves fatal. Bloody sputum is an early warning sign of this, and can cause serious issues. Patients will need to go to the ICU, and special care will be needed as a result.
A Look At Sleep-disordered Breathing
This is often given the acronym SDB, and it’s an issue that causes sleep apnea to manifest. This can cause heart failure, disease, and even causes ceasing of breath. Often times a sleep study is needed to diagnose this, and a cPAP machine is recommended for treatment.
Lastly, lung cancer is amidst the respiratory diseases that many elderly patients will deal with. It’s often times related to smoking, and it’s been said that 90% of the issues related to this cancer are in regards to smoking. Cessation of smoking is recommended immediately.