Respiratory Diseases in Seniors

Aging and Respiratory Diseases

Respiratory Diseases in SeniorsOne of the most common issues that elderly individuals have revolve around respiratory diseases. There are a lot of issues that cause harm to the lungs, and many options can leave individuals with chronic breathing issues and more. It’s important to note that age related disease can hit anyone, and there are a lot factors that play into the issue. It’s imperative to look at these, as an ounce of prevention can go a long way to better health.

A Look At Bronchial Asthma

One of the more common respiratory diseases is that of bronchial asthma. This manifests as an issue that causes the airways to the lungs to get blocked. The inflammation can be severe enough to cause airflow to cease, and that could lead to death. It creates a unique sound in the lungs that can be heard with a good stethoscope.  There are several different elements that need to be considered when diagnosing this issue, which is why it can be difficult to manage overall. Treatment of bronchial asthma can range from oral medications, to vaccines, to inhalants that help with clearing blockages. Steroidal inhalants are common, but people find themselves not enjoying the process of taking the medication as it can cause coughing fits, as well as throat hoarseness, and more.

A Look At COPD

People that have a history of cigarette use will run into this issue as they age. This respiratory issue causes the airways to become obstructed, forcing airflow to cease coming through. There are a variety of symptoms attached to this, and can cause a great deal of issue overall. A spirometer test can help determine if you have COPS.  Elderly patients are instructed to cease smoking, and begin therapy to alleviate the issues once set in. Trouble breathing, cough, and shortness of breath are all signs of this issue, and the symptoms can get more border over time. The body shows signs of this issue within the swelling of feet, tongue, and discoloration of the nails. Oxygen therapy, and ventilator options are also available to help treat this issue, but in short, ceasing smoking is the best thing to look at when considering this amongst other respiratory diseases.

A Look At Community-Acquired Pneumonia

Often referred to as CAP, this is an issue that hits the lungs and causes shortness of breath, tied to fever and cough. Some may think it’s a common cold, or the beginning of a flu option, but it falls under a different category when it comes attached to confusion, and weakness and even lethargy. The treatment for CAP is often simple, without treatment options being given precedence. Older patients may be admitted to the hospital for a longer stay, in order to clear pathways. ICU is sometimes needed to help with this malady.

A Look At Pulmonary Embolism

This is an issue amidst respiratory diseases that blocks vascular elements. It causes shortness of breath, and if left untreated proves fatal. Bloody sputum is an early warning sign of this, and can cause serious issues. Patients will need to go to the ICU, and special care will be needed as a result.

A Look At Sleep-disordered Breathing

This is often given the acronym SDB, and it’s an issue that causes sleep apnea to manifest. This can cause heart failure, disease, and even causes ceasing of breath. Often times a sleep study is needed to diagnose this, and a cPAP machine is recommended for treatment.

Lastly, lung cancer is amidst the respiratory diseases that many elderly patients will deal with. It’s often times related to smoking, and it’s been said that 90% of the issues related to this cancer are in regards to smoking. Cessation of smoking is recommended immediately.

Cancer Risk in Seniors

Getting Older and Cancer Risks

Aging doesn’t always seem to be the biggest threat to health. People don’t consider aging and health, but it’s one of the major issues that has been placed for cancer risk. As people age, the risk of developing cancer of various types rises exponentially. Aging is very interesting, in that there are no “absolutes” in terms of rate. The actual number may seem like a good foundation, but people age at different rates, with deterioration of the cells, and mutations that come through for different people. Age is not the basis of treatments, or diagnosis, but medical research indicates that it’s a main factor in the risks for cancer.

The Physical Issue

Cancer Risks in SeniorsFirst and foremost, disease and risk factors change exponentially as people age. In the case of cancers, age becomes a factor because of mobility, and daily routine. For instance, as a person retires, their daily activities become diminished. Whether by choice or by fact of medical issue, daily routine becomes a matter of minimal movements and paces. Older adults may not be able to physically move around as much as they once could, and often have to deal with additional health complications as a result.

There are a wide range of maladies that manifest as a result of the aging process, especially when left unchecked. These things include high blood pressure, heart disease, lung disease, diabetes, and much more.

The Screen Factor

Even though aging causes higher cancer risks, many elderly individuals do not get the right screenings and checkups. They tend to go into the doctor less for this, assuming that they don’t have something wrong, or out of fear that there’s something problematic. Studies indicate that people over the age of 65 are not represented well in clinical trials, as many don’t go into get the screenings necessary to treat, and test many medications and procedures.

The Concerns of Older Patients and Cancer

Studies indicate that there’s an emotional disconnect and concern that people have in regards to getting older and cancer. The following breakdown is a list of concerns that many people have, that can thwart getting cancer screenings.

Independence – older adults are concerned with being able to care for themselves, without additional health. Cancer treatments will derail this, and often cause a great deal of care to be necessary to go through them.

Isolation – depression, isolation, anxiety, and loneliness are often times accompanied together when cancer diagnosis set in. Furthermore, the thought of losing a spouse, love one, and being left alone is a tough thing to go through.

Religious Factors – for some, the issue becomes a matter of religion. Concern with the afterlife, etc.

Limitations – older patients that are diagnosed with maladies of this type will no doubt have to go through treatment. That can stifle mobility, which can lead to falls, breaks, and other concerns. The same goes with transportation issues, getting to and from therapy, and more.

At the end of the day, elderly individuals not only have a high risk of cancer diagnosis, they also have a hard climb of treatment. There’s many concerns that cancer patients face on a regular basis, but tie that into the aging process, and things can be overwhelming to say the least.

Arthritis in Seniors

The Issue of Senior Arthritis

When it comes arthritis, many people have a lot of assumptions. While there are some general elements to this, there’s a lot more to the issue than just pain and stiff joints. There are several types of arthritis that should be considered, and treatments as well. Some can manifest simply, isolated pain and inflammation, while others are bit more complex in nature and can cause severe issues within the body. This is one of the most common issues that people deal with, and seniors have to deal with it on a larger scale overall. The following will shine light on the issue a bit more.

A Look At Osteoarthritis

When considering arthritis in elderly people, you may first want to look at this type. Osteoarthritis manifests when the bones and joints start to have wear and tear. When this wear and tear occurs, over time, it takes away the padding within the joints. Knees, hips, ankles, and much more lose their cushion. That means that the bones start to rub together and cause serious pain for people. This issue is related to a variety of problems, including lack of calcium, movement, obesity, injuries, and much more. As a person ages, the body starts to wear down, causing several pain points to manifest.

A Look At Rheumatoid Arthritis

This issue is a bit more spread out than simply arthritis. This is inflammation based malady causes joints to swell and send pain throughout the body. It can manifest on one side of the body, or across the whole body, and over time it attacks the joints, and several systems of the body. Over time, gout can set in, and even cause psoriasis and more. Unmanaged, this can be a painful malady to deal with, as it attacks more than just the joints.

Symptoms of Arthritis

Arthiritis in SeniorsThe main symptoms that you’ll find with this issue including acute joint pain, stiffness, trouble moving, and redness where the joints are. These are signs of inflammation, but there are other issues that will need medical attention. For instance, if the pain comes with severe swelling, fever, or flu like symptoms, it’s imperative that a doctor be notified and a treatment plan set in motion.

Treating Arthritis

There are a lot of basic treatments that can be utilized to manage the pain of this issue. It’s important to understand that there is no “cure” for this issue. There are however ways to manage it and prevent certain issues from getting far worse. This includes using over the counter pain relievers such as NSAIDS. These are nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory medications such as ibuprofen. They help with the swelling, and pain of arthritic conditions. Aside from these medications, a doctor can prescribe other elements, including drugs that can block the damage that some of the more difficult maladies can manifest.

A balance of diet, exercise, and medication is the answer to this issue. Furthermore, movement is key. Left without exercise on a regular basis, individuals that are dealing with arthritis can find themselves with even more acute pain, and other elements. Moving helps, even if the pain can seem stifling.

Diabetes In Seniors

A Look At Type 2 Diabetes In Elderly Individuals

The elderly take on a lot after retirement. Most people assume that things get easy, and it’s just a matter of relaxation and enjoying life after no longer having to work the 40 hour a week grind. That’s not the case at all. For many, dealing with a battery of diseases can end up becoming a serious problem. With modern technology, however, many that would have fallen to many diseases can now fight back, and get help from medical professionals. Even so, there are some issues that can manifest that tend to be a bit more difficult to manage, for instance, diabetes. Type 2 diabetes in particular is usually an issue that manifests in adults that aren’t managing their sugar and activity levels. This can manifest in elderly individuals as their lifestyle slows down significantly after retirement.

Type 2 diabetes

Knowing The Symptoms of Diabetes

One of the first things that you should know about includes the symptoms of diabetes. There’s a lot of different things that can start, but these are usually the main elements that manifest.

Fatigue – fatigue that is akin to the flu or serious cold is one of the main issues that you will no doubt see come through.

Changes in Weight – weight gain or loss is a major issue that you should watch out for, and something that is definitely difficult to manage. This will occur swiftly, so it’s best to monitor the issue.

Blurry Vision – vision can be impaired, and become blurry for extended periods of time.

Constant Infections – sores, urinary tract issues, and infections that keep popping up is usually a sign that the immune system has been compromised.

Nerve Issues In Extremities – fingers going numb, circulation issues in the arms and legs, and hands are all a sign that something is awry.

Oral Health Decline – specifically gum disease, diabetes patients usually have serious issues with their gums and teeth.

Risks and More

The body doesn’t break down sugar and other elements so easily over time. For some, there’s a breaking point where the body can go into serious stall, and insulin production starts to drop off. When this occurs, diabetes can take a hold. There are some risks involved with this, and they include, extra weight, age, stress, depression, lack of mobility, and excessive sugary diet. Of course, genetics can also play a role here, but it’s important to get regular checkups and blood work done to ensure these things aren’t manifesting.

Reversing The Issues

There’s a level of prevention that can come with this. It starts with losing weight, eliminating fat, and stress. Getting regular checkups, blood work, and looking for signs that something has gone awry is important. Left untreated, eye damage, kidney damage, cardiovascular disease, infections, neuropathy, weight management issues, and much more can manifest as a result. In extreme cases, limbs can need to be amputated.

Natural options can help with prevention, but there are some medications on the market that can be prescribed. A doctor can discuss this with you and show you what to expect when taking medications to assist with diabetes. An ounce of prevention goes a long way in regards to this malady.Diabetes

Common Senior Health Concerns

The 15 Most Common Senior Health Concerns

People are living longer than ever, especially in first world countries. The latest research indicates that the majority of individuals are living upwards of 20 years after retirement age. That’s good news for millions of people, but it’s also something that can bring about concern for those that are going to deal with old age and chronic issues. In fact, there are a lot of nurse health concerns to consider overall. While changing lifestyle can help with the bigger picture here, many people will find that there are some issues that are unavoidable, which is why the following list of common health concerns should be noted. If you want to experience good health, consider a few of these nurse health concerns to assist with the golden years that may be approaching.

Heart Disease

One of the most preventable nurse health concerns overall is that of heart disease. Aside from genetics, you’ll find that millions of people can avoid having this condition by simply changing lifestyle choice. Heart disease can lead to serious illness including high blood pressure, higher rates of cholesterol, and even heart attack. Exercising now, and eating better can help offset this for later years.


This is one of the biggest threats to the elderly, in terms of health concerns. It is ranked as the second leading major cause of death for people in retirement age. While many cancers can shorten lifespan, some can be detected and treated fast. It’s important to look into getting regular health checks ups, including colonoscopies, prostate cancer checks, mammograms, skin checks, and much more on a regular basis to ensure that things aren’t going awry.


As men and women age, this could set in. In fact, nearly half of the elderly population will have to deal with arthritis in the joints, and can cause problems with physical activity. Many patients feel this pain and let it thwart them from physical activity, which is a dangerous proposition overall. Staying active through the years is a great way to manage the pain that comes from this issue, although there is no cure.

Alzheimer’s Disease

Diagnosing and treating this ailment is quite difficult for some. It is a leading cause of death for people in retirement age. It’s one of the top nurse health concerns as it makes a major impact on cognitive reflexes, memory, and much more. Self-care becomes a serious issue, and most often an individual will need to go into a home in order to move forward.

Respiratory Diseases

Asthma, bronchitis, emphysema, pneumonia, and other respiratory diseases are common for many people. In most instances, these things can be caught early and helped with medication, and doctor’s visits. However, some manifest as a result of cold, diet, lack of exercise, and neglecting the early signs and symptoms. Respiratory issues can lead to obstructions of oxygen in the lungs, and cause death.


Adult onset diabetes is one of the major issues that people face in elderly age. Amidst the nurse health concerns, this is one of the more preventable options. It can be addressed early on, lifestyle change can help, and risks can be measured in regards to diabetes. Changing lifestyle, diet, and other things can help with this overall, and can help improve long term care. However, it’s easy to neglect instruction and overindulge in sugar, causing the body to manifest serious issues. It’s important to be careful with diet as one ages.


As people get older, falls become harder and harder to recover from. Tens of thousands of people fall and break hips, arms, legs, and more. Most falls often occur inside the home, often with innocent elements in place. A slippery bathroom floor, for instance, or a tub, could cause the main issue.


Among the nurse health concerns, the flu tied with pneumonia can be a serious killer. When flu season hits, it becomes important to get a flu shot, and take extra precautions in regards to avoiding getting this issue. There is also a pneumonia vaccine available through a doctor’s office, in order to help prevent complications due to this breathing issue.


Mobility is part of major nurse health concerns, because it limits movement. When a person becomes less mobile overall, they become susceptible to falls, and this disease. Osteoporosis weakens the skeletal system, causing major collapse of important parts of the body, including vertebrae, which can cause back pain and more.


Obesity goes beyond nurse health concerns, as it is something that concerns people of all ages and backgrounds. It’s one of the major health issues of modern time. Obesity can cause serious problems, including a raise in blood pressure, heart disease, diabetes, and much more

Substance Abuse

Substance abuse is something that many have to deal with, even at retirement age. Dependency on drugs, even prescription medications is not uncommon. These things can trigger health concerns such as breathing issues, depression, falls, and much more.


Depression can cause serious problems with mood, blood circulation, and heart issues. Millions of people deal with this issue, but don’t realize that it can lower the immune system. When the immune system is lowered, it doesn’t fight back against infections as well as it could, causing serious issues to manifest over time.


Shingles is something that comes back to haunt those that were diagnosed with chicken pox as children. It’s causes pain, blisters, and sores across the body. The good news is that there’s a vaccine that you can receive to help avoid and heal this before it becomes too much of an issue.

Oral Health

Teeth and gums are important overall, and amidst nurse health concerns it’s one thing that many neglect over time. Especially towards elderly age, people sometimes tend to lapse in dental checkups, and getting good overall health. Regular dental work and checkups should be a priority throughout life, especially as retirement age can end up causing dry mouth, and other issues to manifest.


While this may not be a physical part of health care, it’s one that is definitely tough for anyone. When people are in a cycle of poverty, they cannot afford medication, or even going to the doctor. This of course causes major strain on health concerns and more. It causes issues that could be fixed to stay in the body and turn chronic. Poverty is a tough one to deal with, but making strides to improve financial situation, or getting government help is possible.

The aforementioned are just some issues that are part of the greater picture of nurse health concerns today. From time to time they change, but these are constant at the present.

Educating Seniors on Healthy Living